Alexander Lukashenko Biography

NameAlexander Grigoryevich Lukashenko
Date of BirthAugust 30, 1954
Political CareerPresident of Belarus since July 20, 1994
Notable AchievementsLongest-serving European president
Early Career– Director of a state farm (sovkhoz)
– Served in the Soviet Border Troops and Soviet Army
1990Elected to the Supreme Soviet of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
1994Won the inaugural presidential election after the adoption of a new constitution
Key Policies and Actions– Maintained state ownership of key industries
– Retained Soviet-era symbolism, including the coat of arms and national flag
– Acquisition of increased power after a controversial 1995 referendum
– Consolidation of power through a 1996 referendum
– Establishment of the Union State with Russia
– Occasional strained relations with Russia, such as the “Milk War”
Authoritarian Government– Labeled as “Europe’s last dictator” by the media
– International monitors do not deem Belarusian elections free and fair
Media and Opposition– Government suppresses opponents
– Curtails media freedom
– Resulted in Western governments imposing sanctions on Lukashenko and Belarusian officials
2020 Presidential Election– Contested victory sparked widespread allegations of vote rigging
– Led to anti-government protests, the largest seen during his rule
International Recognition– The United Kingdom, the European Union, and the United States do not recognize Lukashenko as the legitimate president of Belarus following the disputed 2020 election

Alexander Lukashenko Early life, family and education

Full NameAlexander Lukashenko
Date of BirthAugust 30, 1954 (Officially)
August 31, 1954 (Stated by Lukashenko)
Place of BirthKopys, Vitebsk Region, Byelorussian SSR
Maternal GrandfatherTrokhym Ivanovich Lukashenko
MotherEkaterina Trofimovna Lukashenko (1924–2015)
SiblingsAlexander had an older brother who passed away
Education– Alexandria secondary school
– Graduated from Mogilev Pedagogical Institute
(now Mogilev State A. Kuleshov University)
in Mogilev in 1975
– Completed studies at Belarusian Agricultural
Academy in Horki in 1985

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